Scientists examined the structure and composition of the Black Beauty meteorite, NWA 7034, found in Morocco in 2011. They concluded that it was probably thrown into space about 5-10 millions years ago from the Cimmerian surface on Mars. Nature Communications published the work.
“For the first-time, we were able identify the conditions in which the only Martian meteorite, basalt breccia, was formed. This discovery was made at least ten years ago, before similar rocks from Mars will be sent to Earth in the MSR mission,” said Anthony Lagein, a Curtin University researcher in Perth (Australia).
In 2011, the Black Beauty meteorite was discovered in Morocco’s Sahara Desert. It is named after its distinctive black color and unique pyramidal shape. It was then discovered in the Moroccan part of the Sahara Desert. In 2011, it was taken to America by skystone collectors. They turned it over and gave it to geologists who gave it the name NWA 7034.
It was found to be a fragment from Martian basalt that was ejected into space by an asteroid impact on the fourth Earth in the solar system. Researchers believe that the rock fragment formed over four billion years ago. It is therefore one of the oldest Martian meteorites.
Researchers discovered that NWA 7034 was a fragment from the primary Martian rocks. It was formed during the Khuzhirt formation 1.5 billion years ago. It was later thrown into space, around 5-10 million years after a meteorite landed next to it. This created the Karrat crater on the territory of Cimmerian Land.
This conclusion was reached by scientists after studying the structure of the Black Beauty and automated analysis of images taken of Mars craters. They created an algorithm to compare the rock structure, composition, magnetic level, age and other parameters of each Martian crater with NWA 7034.
These calculations showed that nine craters in the southern hemisphere could be considered the “homeland”, or the “homeland,” of this meteorite. The Black Beauty was found to be a fragment from ancient rocks, which was released into space by the Khuzhirt or Karrat craters about 1.5 billion years ago. This is according to subsequent analysis of the elements of the Martian relief.
Scientists note that a similar story about the origin of NWA 7034 meteorite is available. This is because it is a fragment from the primary crust of Mars. It was formed within the first hours of Mars’ existence. The scientists concluded that this makes the Karratha crater and “Black Beauty” particularly interesting for future Mars expeditions.